Science, Sleep And Dreams in dream

In 1937 through the use of the electroencephalograph (EEG) measuring tiny electrical brain impulses, Loomis and his associates discovered that the form of brainwaves changes with the onset of sleep.

The next leap forward in understanding came when Aserinsky and Kleitman found rapid eye movements (REM) in 1953. In 1957 the REM were linked with dreaming. This defined sleep into two differ­ent observable states, REM sleep, and NREM (non-rapid eye movement or non-rem) sleep. Within NREM three different stages have been identified. These are defined by the different EEG patterns of electrical activity in the brain. They are mea­sured by the height (amplitude) of the brain waves and fre­quency of up and down movement. There are also electrical changes occurring in the muscles (measured using an electro- myograph or EMG), and in movement of the eyeballs (mea­sured using an electro-oculograph or EOG).

While awake the height is low and frequency fast. As we relax prior to sleep the EEG shifts to what are called alpha waves, at 8 to 12 cps (cycles per second). Stage one of sleep is the transition between this drowsy state of alpha waves to sleeping, in which theta waves occur, at 3 to 7 cps. In this first stage we experience random images and thoughts. This lasts about 10 minutes, followed by stage two, in which ‘sleep spindles’ occur which have 12 to 14 cps on the EEG. These last from 1/2 to 2 seconds, with K complexes following, which are slow large EEG waves. About half our sleep period is spent in this second stage of sleep. Deep sleep is reached when our brain exhibits delta waves, with 1/2 to 2 cps.

After approximately an hour and a half from falling into deep sleep, an exciting change occurs. We return to level two and REM occur. Suddenly the brain is alert and active, though the person is asleep and difficult to wake. This level has been called paradoxical sleep because of this fact. Voluntary mus­cular activity is suppressed and the body is essentially paralysed. Morrison has pointed out that, although the brain is transmitting full muscular activity messages, these are usu­ally suppressed by an area of the brain in the pons. But bursts of short actions occur, such as rapid eyeball jerks, twitches of the muscles, changes in the size of the pupil, contractions in the middle ear, and erection of the penis. It may be that similar excitation occurs in the vagina. Also, autonomic storms’ occur dunng which large erratic changes occur in heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate and in other auto­nomic nervous system functions. These are the changes ac­companying our dreams.

If we slept for eight hours, a typical pattern would be to pass into delta sleep, stay there for about 70 to 90 minutes, then return to stage two and dream for about five minutes. We then move back into delta sleep, stay for a short period and shift back to level two, but without dreaming, then back into level three.

The next return to stage two is longer, almost an hour, with a period of dreaming lasting about 19 minutes, and also a short period of return to waking. There is only one short period of return to stage three sleep which occurs nearly four hours after falling asleep. From there on we remain in level two sleep, with three or four lengthening periods of dreaming, and returns to brief wakefulness.

The average amount of body shifting is once every 15 minutes.

1- In undergoing 205 hours of sleep deprivation, four healthy males showed various physiological and psychological changes. Some of these were headache, lack of concentra­tion, hallucination, memory loss, tremor and, in some, paranoia. In all cases one night’s sleep restored normal functioning.

2- One in ten people who complain of excessive daytime drowsiness suffer from sleep apnoea, which is a stoppage of breathing while asleep.

3- A condition called narcolepsy causes sufferers to fall asleep at inappropriate times—while making love, walk­ing, playing tennis, working.

4- As we age we usually sleep less. Our REM sleep in partic­ular decreases sharply.


A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences by


Science, Sleep And Dreams • All Resources Related To This Dream Are Listed Below


A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

During experiments to monitor the brain activ­ity of animals and humans while asleep, it was noted that the brain seemed to move through a series of levels of activity. In deep sleep there are slow rhythmic brainwaves. These at times would give way to faster rhythms of a more dynamic nature. This was at first called desynchronised’ sleep because during it the muscular system relaxed deeply, even though the brain was active. It was also known as paradoxical sleep, but more recently has become internationally known as ‘active sleep’. During active sleep the rapid eye movements (REM) characteristic of dreaming occur.

The brain’s activity was found to be a better indicator of dreaming in animals than REM because some creatures, such as owls, do not move their eyes. In this way, all mammals were seen to exhibit active sleep or dreaming. Birds also dream, and, measured in this way, so do many types of fish, reptiles and some amphibians. See science, sleep and dreams.

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Dream Dictionary Unlimited

Unaware of the present situation in question; asleep in christ

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My Dream Interpretation

To dream of certain brands/brand names indicates your needs and desires.

If the brands in your dream were luxury or designer ones, they could represent your hidden attempt to buy the attention of others. This dream can also suggest you are feeling envious of something in your waking life.

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Islamic Dream Interpretation

In a dream, clapping hands represents pagan customs.

If one hears hands clapping, or if he claps his hands in a dream, it may indicate an illness or it could represent a vacant house or a ghost town.

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Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

To dream that your conscience censures you for deceiving some one, denotes that you will be tempted to commit wrong and should be constantly on your guard.

To dream of having a quiet conscience, denotes that you will stand in high repute.

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The Complete Dream Book

If your conscience pricks you in a dream, it is a sign that you need not worry about something that you may have considered wrong.

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Mystic Dream Book

It is a dream of contrary if you are being worried by your Conscience—all will go well.

The more self-satisfied you feel, the less your chance of prosperity.

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Dream Dictionary Unlimited

Revealed to prepare one to meet or delete the demanding situation

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Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

To go on errands in your dreams, means congenial associations and mutual agreement in the home circle.

For a young woman to send some person on an errand, denotes she will lose her lover by her indifference to meet his wishes.

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New American Dream Dictionary

1. Willingness to help others.

2. If the dreamer is running the errands, a good marriage.

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The Complete Dream Book

A maid who sends someone on an errand in a dream may regard this as an omen that through her indifference she will lose her lover.

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Strangest Dream Explanations

Dreams about running errands, either those you’ve completed or those you actually need to do, reflect that you are processing the data of the day. This dream reflects your desire to get it all in, to catch up, and keep your head above water. See Processing Dreams.

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My Dream Interpretation

To dream that you are running errands signifies happiness and understanding from your family.

If you dream about sending someone on an errand, it is a warning not to neglect someone you love, or you will surely lose them.

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The Complete Dream Book

To dream you hold firebrands and torches by night is good, especially to young folk.

To whom it often signifieth love with pleasure and effect. But to see another hold a firebrand, is ill to those that would be secret.

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Christian Dream Symbols

Symbolic of inaction or sluggishness, Prov. 6:10

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The Fabric of Dream

A dream of triumph (Gypsy).

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New American Dream Dictionary

Get a better view of something.

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Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

To dream that your hands are covered with hair like that of a beast, signifies you will intrigue against innocent people, and will find that you have alert enemies who are working to forestall your designs.

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Encyclopedia of Dreams

If you see yourself with hairy hands this denotes that you will bear false witness against someone who is guiltless.

The longer the hair the worse the lie.

To see the hair fading away shows there are those who will block you from harming this person.

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The Bedside Dream Dictionary

We express ourselves with our hands, and appropriate reading of body language is a valuable source of information. Likewise, in the dream state the hands may reveal information about emotions, intentions, and overt behaviors.

For example, if in you dream you see clenched fists you may have much repressed anger. Sometimes extended hands suggest a need to develop close friendships.

If the hands in your dreams are stroking you, may be feeling sexy.

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Tryskelion Dream Interpretation

If you dream your fists are clenched, you may have a lot of repressed anger. Extended hands indicate that you are need and willing to develop close friendships.

If the hands in your dreams are stroking, you may be feeling sexy.

If you dream you see blood on your hands this denotes you will feel guilty if you do not aid a person for whom you could help better their life.

If you have an injury to your hand it shows that someone else will garner the rewards that are rightfully yours. Large hands show that you will go far in life towards achieving your goals.

If you see a detached hand then you are destined for a solitary life if you do not change your ways.

If you dream your hands are tied you will have difficulty in completing something that you have begun.

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Ariadne's Book of Dream

Attention to the hands in a dream may comment that help is on the way.

The nght hand represents giving and the left receiving.

A cutoff hand may mcnticn the inability to give or receive, or to work.

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The Complete Dream Book

If a woman admires her own hands tn a dream, it is an omen that she will win the love of the man she admires more than any other.

Admiration of another’s hands mean that a woman will be subject to jealousy of the man she loves.

If she dreams of having a man hold her hands she should regard it as a warning against indiscretions.

If she allows a man to kiss her hands she will be gossiped about by those she considered her friends.

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The Complete Dream Book

If the hands are clean, weil-kept and capable looking, the augury is of happiness and easy living.

It is good luck to dream of shaking hands, especially with someone of a higher station in life. Holding hands with one of the opposite sex foretells financial stability.

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Dream Meanings of Versatile

The hands are one of the most expressive parts of the body and signify power and creativity.

The right hand is the ‘power’ hand, while the left is passive and receptive. Sometimes in dreams the left hand can represent cheating.

If the hands are contrasted with each other and / or have a different object in each, it indicates there may be some conflict in us between our beliefs and feelings.

A hand on the breast signifies submission. Clasped hands indicate union or friendship, while clenched hands suggest a threat. Folded hands suggest deep repose or a state of rest.

The hands covering the eyes generally represent shame or horror, while hands crossed at the wrists suggest that we are being bound, perhaps by our own actions.

The open hand represents justice whilst the laying on of hands signifies healing and blessing, particularly if the hand is placed on the neck. Hands placed together give an indication of defencelessness; if they are placed in someone else’s it suggests a pledge of service or commitment. When the hands are raised this can indicate either adoration, prayer or surrender; if the palms are turned outwards a blessing is being given; when they are raised to the head we should give a great deal of thought and care to our current situation. Washing the hands suggests innocenceor rejection of guilt, while wringing the hands signifies grief.

A huge hand, particularly from the sky, suggests that we have been ‘specially chosen’.

For this reason, advertising that contains such an image has a profound effect.

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Psycho Dream Interpretation

Beautiful hands promise great distinction to dreamer.

A hand detached from the body, misunderstandings with your own people. Hairy hands, sordid imaginings. Hands that are soiled or blood-stained, envy, jealousy. Holding hands, emotional strain. Hands that are tied, too much restraint.

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New American Dream Dictionary

1. Completion and renewal, beginnings and endings— often in relationships, sometimes in situations.

2. Having a good reputation, a high social position.

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Islamic Dream Interpretation

Shaking hands with someone in a dream means signing an agreement, receiving benefits, a pledge of allegiance, honoring one’s promise, making a commitment, good intention, signing a contract, or cherishing a friendship. Shaking hands with someone then embracing him in a dream means glad tidings, good news, good words to which one’s reply will be the same, or it could represent a knowledge he teaches to others. (Also see Greetings)

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Dream Meanings of Versatile

Traditionally a handshake symbolizes a welcome into heaven and a farewell to earthly existence. Our spiritual journey contains many welcomes and goodbyes, and today the handshake symbolizes the transitions we make. Equally the handshake can suggest the touch of healers and is also a sign of good faith.

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Dream Meanings of Versatile

Psychological / emotional perspective: A handshake is a mark of appreciation and of acknowledgement. In dreams it suggests that an emotional bond has been forged, which cannot easily be broken.

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Dream Meanings of Versatile

Material aspects: Agreements are often sealed by a handshake, the idea being that we are not going to attack our opposite number if we have shaken hands. In dreams, shaking hands will represent at least a partial bond with the other person since, from the times of chivalry, we remove our gloves in order to do so.

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Dream Meanings of Versatile

Gives gender - specific: If the sleeves of the two hands are masculine and feminine in the dream, or the hands are bound by cords, the handshake may symbolize matrimony, the latter by pagan rites. You might like to consult the entries for bonds, cord, gloves and wedding / wedding dress / wedding ring for further information.

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My Dream Interpretation

Shaking hands in a dream is a sign of reconciliation or renewed friendship.

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Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

To see yourself handsome-looking in your dreams, you will prove yourself an ingenious flatterer.

To see others appearing handsome, denotes that you will enjoy the confidence of fast people.

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Strangest Dream Explanations

Dreams of someone who is handsome represents attraction, appeal and that you are receiving an intuitive “yes” to move forward toward the person or situation. This dream is also reflecting that you are connecting with your own inner beauty.

If you see it, you be it.

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Christian Dream Symbols

This is a symbol of God’s faithfulness, protection, and love, Ps. 37:24. Holding hands with someone in a dream means being in agreement with them

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My Dream Interpretation

A dream about holding hands with someone means that you are needing and willing to develop close friendships. It may also mean you are feeling sexy, or want some physical affection. Your dream may also reflect anxieties about losing touch or drifting apart from that person.

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Islamic Dream Interpretation

(Intertwine) In a dream, interlocking one’s hands means a partnership, a contract, marriage, stagnation, stillness of business, 226 delinquency in one’s prayers, negligence of one’s duties, difficulties with one’s family, or a meeting that purports evil.

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Little Giant Encyclopedia

Freud saw this image as a symbol for the human body.

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Dream Symbols and Analysis

To dream of various landscapes symbolizes your current standing in life or relationships. This provides appreciation and recognition for the vital role you play in the community. According to Sigmund Freud, the landscape represents the human body.

To dream of seeing ever-changing landscapes represents psychological transitions or emotional advancement. It stands for different phases in your life. Then again, your dream may be a reminder for you to consider other points of view. Recall the important elements in the landscape and consider their corresponding symbolism and representations.

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Mystic Dream Book

This dream depends upon the circumstances.

If the Landscape is a fine open one, that gives you pleasure, then it is a most fortunate dream. But if the view is shut out or obscured by hills or forests, then you will have to face many troubles and obstacles.

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A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Our moods and attitudes, but particularly the set of habitual feelings we meet life with. As we create our surroundings in dreams, landscapes depict what feelings we ourself generate and live in. Gloomy: pessimism; self doubt; depression; a gloomy view of life. Sunny: hopeful; optimistic;

something to look forward to. Recurring scenes: habitual atti­tudes with which you approach situations. Recurring scenes of past residence: a stance you developed from that penod of your life. See countryside.

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Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary

The landscape in a dream can be an integral part of the interpretation. It usually mirrors feelings and concepts that we have and therefore reflects our personality.

A rocky landscape would suggest problems, whereas a gloomy landscape might suggest pessimism and self-doubt.

A recurring scene may be one where in childhood we felt safe, or may reflect a feeling or difficulty with which we have not been able to come to terms. Landscapes do tend to reflect habitual feelings rather than momcntarv moods.

Dream landscapes can have a bizarre quality about them in order to highlight a particular message.

For instance, there may be trees made of ice, or rocks made of sugar.

The plot of the dream may be important in arriving at the correct interpretation of these symbols (see Introduction).

The landscape in a dream can also indicate how we relate to other people.

To be in a desert might represent loneliness, whereas to be in a jungle might represent a very fertile imagination.

3- Spiritually, the landscape in a dream can suggest improvements which we can make in handling our own moods and attitudes.

If the landscape changes between the beginning and end of the dream, we perhaps need to make corresponding changes in everyday life.

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Dream Meanings of Versatile

Spiritually, the landscape in a dream can suggest improvements that we can make in handling our own moods and attitudes.

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Dream Meanings of Versatile

Psychological / emotional perspective: Dream landscapes can have a bizarre quality about them in order to highlight a particular message.

For instance, there may be trees made of ice, or rocks made of sugar.

The plot of the dream may be important in arriving at the correct interpretation of these symbols.

The landscape in a dream can also indicate how we relate to other people.

To be in a desert might represent loneliness, whereas to be in a jungle might represent a very fertile imagination.

If the landscape changes between the beginning and end of the dream, we perhaps need to make corresponding changes in everyday life.

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Dream Meanings of Versatile

Material aspects: The landscape in a dream can be an integral part of the interpretation. It usually mirrors feelings and concepts that we have and, therefore, reflects our personality.

A rocky landscape would suggest problems, whereas a gloomy landscape might suggest pessimism and self-doubt.

A recurring scene may be one where in childhood we felt safe, or may reflect a feeling or difficulty with which we have not been able to come to terms. Landscapes do tend to reflect habitual feelings rather than momentary moods.

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Dream Dictionary Unlimited

Warning that one’s livelihood is threatened; see “foundation”

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New American Dream Dictionary

1. Emotional fortitude and stability give way under pres­sure.

2. Fear of being overwhelmed by change.

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Dream Symbols and Analysis

To dream of a landslide symbolizes emotions you have been pushing back for a while. These emotions continue to build up and may soon manifest in an emotional overload. Your pent-up emotions might take the form of a violent outburst.

The landslide in your dream may also represent the anxieties, worries, and responsibilities you carry in life.

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Strangest Dream Explanations

See Mudslide, Breakdown/Breakthrough Dreams and Earthquake.

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Dream Explanations of Astro Center

If the dreamer is witnessing the landslide as it happens, then sudden and unexpected events, which he really should be prepared for, will take him totally by surprise.

The dream is warning him to be prepared. Other symbols in the dream may reveal exactly what the events will entail, and what he should do about it.

If the landslide has already taken place and the rocks are lying in the middle of the road, then the dreamer faces obstacles ahead that will need to be removed before he or she can move on and accomplish whatever it is that needs to be done.

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Mystic Dream Book

A short and pleasant visit payed to places once well-known to you.

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A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

There have been many claims that one can learn while asleep—possibly with the aid of a re­corded series of suggestions or information being spoken from a speaker under one’s pillow. Different research projects have arrived at a variety of conclusions.

The major scientific con­clusion is that we do not learn from what we hear while asleep. Sleep is important in the process of learning, however.

If one learns a list of nonsense words, memory of them eight or twenty-four hours later is better if we have slept; memory eight hours later without sleep is not as efficient as twenty- four hours later with intervening sleep. This suggests memory traces are strengthened during sleep.

That we do learn, in the sense of creating new information or perception, while we sleep is generally accepted. Albert Einstein suggested that the creative scientists are those who have access to their dreams. He meant that in order to be innovative we must be able periodically to leave behind the practical everyday path of commonsense and rational thought.

The rational tends to move in areas of thought connected with what is already known.

To create something new, to find a new direction, we may need to be capable of retrieving appar­ently irrational ideas, sift them and reconstruct them in practi­cal ways.

Dreams have this ability to fantasise, to look at and experi­ence the irrational, to take an idea and move it completely out of its old setting or viewpoint. Because our mind can do this in sleep, we can touch not only our creativity, but also our ability to problem solve. As a personal test of this, try the following experiment. At the end of this explanation a prob­lem will be set. It is one that requires no special training or information to solve.

The solution is simple and will be seen as conect when reached. But do not even begin to think about the problem until you go to bed! It would discount the experi­ment if you did. On going to bed, think about the problem for no more than 15 minutes.

If you solve the problem note how long it took.

If not, stop thinking about it and go to sleep, making the resolve to remember any dreams. It is likely that you will dream the answer.

If not, on waking spend a funher 15 minutes trying to reach the answer.

The letters 0,T,T,F,F,-,-, form the beginning of an intelli­gible series. Add two more letters which make it obvious that an infinite number of letters could be added.

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A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Sometimes in the practice of deep relaxation, meditation or sensory deprivation, our being enters into a state akin to sleep, yet we maintain a personal waking awareness. This is like a journey into a deep interior world of mind and body where our senses no longer function in their waking manner, where the brain works in a different way, and where awareness is introverted in a degree we do not usually experience. It can be a frightening world, simply because we are not accustomed to it. In a similar way a measure of waking awareness can arise while dreaming. This is called lucid dreaming. During it we can change or wilfully direct what is happening in the dream in a way not usual to the dream state.

Example: 4I had backed my car into a big yard, a commer­cial area. My wife, two of my sons and I got out of the car. As we stood in the yard talking I realised there was a motorbike where my car should be. I said to everyone, “There was a car here a moment ago, now it’s a motorbike. Do you know what that means? It means we are dreaming.” Mark my son was now with us, and my ex-wife. I asked them if they realised they were dreaming. They got very vague and didn’t reply. I asked them again and felt very clearly awake’ (William V). William’s is a fairly typical lucid dream, but there are features which it does not illustrate. During the days or weeks prior to a lucid dream, many people experience an increase in (lying dreams.

The next example shows another common feature.

Example: In many of my dreams I become aware that I am dreaming. Also, if anything unpleasant threatens me in the dream I get away from it by waking myself (Alan). Lucidity often has this feature of enabling the dreamer to avoid un­pleasant elements of the dream.

The decision to avoid any unpleasant internal emotions is a common feature of a per­son’s conscious life, so this aspect of lucidity is simply a way of taking such a decision into the dream. Some writers even suggest it as a way of dealing with frightening dreams. Avoid­ance does not solve the problem, it simply pushes the emo­tion deeper into the unconscious where it can do damage more surreptitiously. Recent findings regarding suppressed gnef and stress, which connects them with a higher incidence of cancer, suggests that suppression is not a healthy way of dealing with feelings.

Another approach to lucidity is that it can be a son of playground where one can walk through walls, jump from high buildings and fly, change the sofa into an attractive lover, and so on. True, the realisation that our dream life is a differ­ent world and that it does have completely different principles at work than our waking world is imponant. Often people introven into their dream life the morals and fears which are only relevant to being awake in physical life.

To avoid a charging bull is cenainly imponant in waking life. In our dream life, though, to meet its charge is to integrate the enor­mous energy which the bull represents, an energy which is our own but which we may have been avoiding or running away’ from previously. Realising such simple differences revolutionises the way we relate to our own internal events and possibilities.

To treat lucid dreams as if they offered no other attainable expenence than to manipulate the dream en­vironment, or avoid an encounter, is to miss an amazing fea­ture of human potential.

Example: ‘In my dream I was watching a fern grow. It was small but opened out very rapidly. As I watched I became aware that the fern was simply an image representing a pro­cess occurring within myself which I grew increasingly aware of as I watched. Then I was fully awake in my dream and realised that my dream, perhaps any dream, was an expres­sion of actual and real events occurring in my body and mind. I felt enormous excitement, as if I were witnessing something of great importance’ (Francis P). It is now acceptable, through the work of Freud, Jung and many others, to consider that within images of the dream lie valuable information about what is occurring within the dreamer, perhaps unconsciously. Strangely, though, it is almost never considered that one can have direct perception into this level of internal ‘events’ with­out the dream. What Francis describes is an experience of being on the cusp of symbols and direct perception. Consider­ing the enormous advantage of such direct information gath­ering, it is surprising it is seldom mentioned except in the writings of Corriere and Han, The Dream Makers.

Example: After defining why I had not woken in sleep recently, i.e. loss of belief, I had the following experience. I awoke in my sleep and began to see, without any symbols, that my attitudes and sleep movements expressed a feeling of restrained antagonism or irritation to my wife. I could also observe the feelings were arising from my discipline of sexual­ity. Realising I did not want those feelings I altered them and woke enough to turn towards her’ (Francis P). After the first of his direct perception dreams, Francis attempted to use this function again, resulting in the above, and other, such dreams. Just as classic dream interpretation says that the dream symbols represent psychobiological logical processes which might be uncovered by dream processing, what we see in Francis’ lucidity is a direct route to self insight, and through it a rapid personal growth to improved life experience. Such dreams provide not only psychological insight, but very fre­quently a direct perception of processes occurring in the body, as the following example illustrates.

Example: ‘Although deeply asleep I was wide awake with­out any shape or form. I had direct experience, without any pictures, of the action of the energies in my body. I had no awareness of body shape, only of the flow of activities in the organs. I checked over what I could observe, and noticed a tension in my neck was interfering with the flow and ex­change of energies between the head and trunk. It was also obvious from what I could see that the tension was due to an attitude I had to authority, and if the tension remained it could lead to physical ill health’ (Tony C).

An effective way to develop lucidity is frequently to con­sider the events of waking life as if they were a dream. Try to see events as one might see dream symbols. What do they mean in terms of one’s motivations, fears, personal growth? What do they suggest about oneself? For instance a person who works in a photographic darkroom developing films and prints might see they were trying to bnng to consciousness the latent—unconscious—side of themselves.

A banker might feel they were working at how best to deal with their sexual and personal resources. In this way one might actually apply what is said in this dream dictionary to one’s outer circumstances.

The second instruction is, on waking, at a convenient mo­ment, imagine oneself standing within one’s recent dream. As you get a sense of this dream environment, realise that you are taking waking awareness into the dream. From the standpoint of being fully aware of the dream action and events, what will you now do in and with the dream? Re-dream it with con­sciousness.

For example the things you run from in your nor­mal dreaming you could now face. See dream processing for fun her suggestions.

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Islamic Dream Interpretation

Powerful hands symbolise the wielding of great power.

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The Fabric of Dream

A dream warning you of temptations, dangers and weaknesses of which you are unaware (Raphael).

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Mystic Dream Book

This dream denotes that you are surrounded with many temptations. Do not be imprudent.

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Christian Dream Symbols

Symbolic of troubles or trials in life, Ps. 83:13-15

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Dream Symbols and Analysis

A sandstorm in a dream symbolizes overwhelming confusion. You may feel lost in a sea of responsibilities and needs.

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Dreamers Dictionary

Vision: Dreaming about a sunny landscape or beautiful scenery: many of your wishes will come true; you can look forward to happy times.

If the scenery is dark and cloudy: conflicts with the world around you. What else do you see— Meadows, Mountains, \ alley, Water?

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Little Giant Encyclopedia

Indicates feeling intellectually or mentally secure. What does knowledge mean to you? What does knowledge do for you? What are you doing with the knowledge you have? See University, White, Temple.

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My Dream Interpretation

To dream that you are working on an experiment suggests that you need to be more daring and try something new and different. Take a chance. Also see “Scientist”, below.

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A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

In 1937 through the use of the electroencephalograph (EEG) measuring tiny electrical brain impulses, Loomis and his associates discovered that the form of brainwaves changes with the onset of sleep.

The next leap forward in understanding came when Aserinsky and Kleitman found rapid eye movements (REM) in 1953. In 1957 the REM were linked with dreaming. This defined sleep into two differ­ent observable states, REM sleep, and NREM (non-rapid eye movement or non-rem) sleep. Within NREM three different stages have been identified. These are defined by the different EEG patterns of electrical activity in the brain. They are mea­sured by the height (amplitude) of the brain waves and fre­quency of up and down movement. There are also electrical changes occurring in the muscles (measured using an electro- myograph or EMG), and in movement of the eyeballs (mea­sured using an electro-oculograph or EOG).

While awake the height is low and frequency fast. As we relax prior to sleep the EEG shifts to what are called alpha waves, at 8 to 12 cps (cycles per second). Stage one of sleep is the transition between this drowsy state of alpha waves to sleeping, in which theta waves occur, at 3 to 7 cps. In this first stage we experience random images and thoughts. This lasts about 10 minutes, followed by stage two, in which ‘sleep spindles’ occur which have 12 to 14 cps on the EEG. These last from 1/2 to 2 seconds, with K complexes following, which are slow large EEG waves. About half our sleep period is spent in this second stage of sleep. Deep sleep is reached when our brain exhibits delta waves, with 1/2 to 2 cps.

After approximately an hour and a half from falling into deep sleep, an exciting change occurs. We return to level two and REM occur. Suddenly the brain is alert and active, though the person is asleep and difficult to wake. This level has been called paradoxical sleep because of this fact. Voluntary mus­cular activity is suppressed and the body is essentially paralysed. Morrison has pointed out that, although the brain is transmitting full muscular activity messages, these are usu­ally suppressed by an area of the brain in the pons. But bursts of short actions occur, such as rapid eyeball jerks, twitches of the muscles, changes in the size of the pupil, contractions in the middle ear, and erection of the penis. It may be that similar excitation occurs in the vagina. Also, autonomic storms’ occur dunng which large erratic changes occur in heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate and in other auto­nomic nervous system functions. These are the changes ac­companying our dreams.

If we slept for eight hours, a typical pattern would be to pass into delta sleep, stay there for about 70 to 90 minutes, then return to stage two and dream for about five minutes. We then move back into delta sleep, stay for a short period and shift back to level two, but without dreaming, then back into level three.

The next return to stage two is longer, almost an hour, with a period of dreaming lasting about 19 minutes, and also a short period of return to waking. There is only one short period of return to stage three sleep which occurs nearly four hours after falling asleep. From there on we remain in level two sleep, with three or four lengthening periods of dreaming, and returns to brief wakefulness.

The average amount of body shifting is once every 15 minutes.

1- In undergoing 205 hours of sleep deprivation, four healthy males showed various physiological and psychological changes. Some of these were headache, lack of concentra­tion, hallucination, memory loss, tremor and, in some, paranoia. In all cases one night’s sleep restored normal functioning.

2- One in ten people who complain of excessive daytime drowsiness suffer from sleep apnoea, which is a stoppage of breathing while asleep.

3- A condition called narcolepsy causes sufferers to fall asleep at inappropriate times—while making love, walk­ing, playing tennis, working.

4- As we age we usually sleep less. Our REM sleep in partic­ular decreases sharply.

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A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Example: Many times in my adult life I have woken to find I have made love to my wife while asleep. Or I wake to discover myself in the middle of the sexual act. At such times I have usually been avoiding my sexual drive and it has burst through to fulfil itself while I was asleep or under the sway of dreams.

For instance most times this hap­pened I have been in the middle of a dream in which there is a sense of absolute imperative that I must make love/have sex.

It is like being lost in a storm of glamour and fantasy or vision in which I am totally involved.

The whirl of the “dream” is towards the wonder, totality of the need to have sex. As this imperative is expressed in my still spontaneous, dreaming physical action, the experience of sex is also visionary and enormous’ (Charles W).

This fairly common dreaming experience demonstrates powerfully how dreams are an expression of a self regulatory or compensatory action in the psyche and body. Charles says that he had been restraining his sexual activity. This shows the enormous gulf which can exist between what we will to do as a conscious personality, and what our being needs to do or wishes to do outside conscious decision making.

The ‘glamour and fantasy’ Charles describes are regular features of how these deeper needs make themselves known, or attempt to coerce the conscious mind, into fulfilling the need.

If we reject the fantasy, the unconscious processes will attempt a more radical approach, as in actual physical movement while we sleep. This may have given rise to ideas about possession or devils in past ages, when it was not understood that we can split our mind by such conflicts. Fear of the possessing’ influ­ence actually heightens its power through suggestion. It is much better to understand what one’s needs are, and seek an acceptable fulfilment. See abreaction.

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Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

For a young woman to dream that she shakes hands with some prominent ruler, foretells she will be surrounded with pleasures and distinction from strangers.

If she avails herself of the opportunity, she will stand in high favor with friends.

If she finds she must reach up to shake hands, she will find rivalry and opposition.

If she has on gloves, she will overcome these obstacles.

To shake hands with those beneath you, denotes you will be loved and honored for your kindness and benevolence.

If you think you or they have soiled hands, you will find enemies among seeming friends.

For a young woman to dream of shaking hands with a decrepit old man, foretells she will find trouble where amusement was sought.

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Ariadne's Book of Dream

Shaking hands may predict a successful contract in business. It may also welcome an important individual who may soon appear in your life. It is a sign of commitment.

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The Complete Dream Book

(See Hands).

If you dream of shaking hands with persons whose social station is beneath yours, it is an indication that your lover will honor you for your kindness and straightforwardness.

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The Complete Dream Book

To shake hands in a dream is a lucky sign if the person with whom you shake hands is better dressed than you are.

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Strangest Dream Explanations

As in real life, dreams of shaking hands with someone symbolize that you are uniting, making an agreement, declaring truce or aligning on a promise.

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My Dream Interpretation

Shaking hands in a dream is a sign of reconciliation or renewed friendship.

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Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

To dream of sleeping on clean, fresh beds, denotes peace and favor from those whom you love.

To sleep in unnatural resting places, foretells sickness and broken engagements.

To sleep beside a little child, betokens domestic joys and reciprocated love.

To see others sleeping, you will overcome all opposition in your pursuit for woman’s favor.

To dream of sleeping with a repulsive person or object, warns you that your love will wane before that of your sweetheart, and you will suffer for your escapades.

For a young woman to dream of sleeping with her lover or some fascinating object, warns her against yielding herself a willing victim to his charms.

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Dream Dictionary Unlimited

A state of unawareness; innocence in a situation; asleep in jesus

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Islamic Dream Interpretation

Sleeping in a dream means heedlessness or joblessness. In general, sleeping or feeling sleepy in a dream has negative connotations except for someone who is scared, or who expects an adversities or sufferings he may experience otherwise. This is because sleep abates all fears, annihilates them and clams one’s distress. Sleeping in a graveyard in a dream means a sickness. Sleeping over a grave in a dream means death for a sick person and joblessness for a healthy person. Sleeping in a dream also means stagnation, heedlessness, or infringingupon God’s commands, or discrediting or denying the consequences of negating them. Sleeping in a dream also could represent a blessed journey, such as seeking knowledge or doing good deeds. It also means disregard for worldly attractions, or despite for its glitters. Sleeping people in a dream also represent mass annihilation, death, murders, rising prices, or it could denote things which people are unaware of.

If in fact the people are unaware or uncertain about something, and if one sees them in such a state of slumber in a dream, it means that God Almighty will remove that blind, and they will see things clearly.

If one sees himself sleeping or laying on his back in a dream, it means that he will gain power and financial success in the world. Sleeping with the face down in a dream means losing one’s job, or it could mean poverty. Sleeping on the floor in a dream means owning a land, being a rich person, or 396 having children. Sleeping for an unmarried woman in a dream means that she will get married shortly.

The sleeping of an unjust ruler in a dream means a temporary relief for the people. Sleeping in a dream also means intoxication of the mind, ecstasy, a sickness, neglecting one’s duties, disunity, humiliation, or death. Sleeping under a tree in a dream means having a large progeny. (Also see Doze; Sleeping on the stomach Slumber; Turning in one’s sleep)

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Little Giant Encyclopedia

Something important is not being understood.

A lack of clarity, and consciousness, avoidance of problems.

The need for rest.

Folklore: Negative omen.

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The Complete Dream Book

If a young man or a young woman dreams of sleeping with his or her lover, it is a sign that either should exercise great caution in the development of their affair.

A dream of sleeping with someone who is repulsive augurs £11 in matters of the heart.

To sleep beside a small child predicts that yonr love will be reciprocated by your sweetheart.

Sleeping alone m a bed with clean, fresh linen is a favorable sign to those in love.

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Mystic Dream Book

To dream you Sleep is evil.

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Strangest Dream Explanations

If you dream of being asleep, then this signifies apathy, depression and a desire to check out. Dreams of sleeping also signify vulnerability and a feeling of being out of control and disengaged.

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A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Adrian Morrison at the University of Pennsylvania, investigating narcolepsy, a condition producing sleep in the middle of activity, found that a small area of the brain, the pons, suppresses full muscular movement while we dream.

If this area is damaged or suppressed, humans or ani­mals make full muscular movements in connection with what is dreamt. He observed that cats would stalk, crouch and spring at imaginary prey. These very imponant findings sug­gest a number of things.

The unconscious process behind dreaming, apan from creating a non-volitional fantasy, can also reproduce movements we have not consciously decided upon. This shows we have at least two centres of will which can direct body and mental processes. Christopher Evans, linking with the work of Nicholas Humphrey at Cambridge University, sees the movements of dreaming cats as expres­sions of survival ‘programs’ in the biological computer. These ‘programs’ or strategies for survival need to be replayed in order not only to keep in practice, but also to modify them in connection with the influx of extra experience and informa­tion. In the human realm, our survival strategies and the way we relate to our social, sexual, marriage and work roles may also be replayed and modified in our dreaming.

Such movements are not linked simply to survival or social programs’.

An important aspect of dreaming is releasing painful emotions or trauma, and moving toward psychological growth. Also, the process producing these movements does not keep strictly to the realm of sleep. It is observable that many muscular spasms, ticks, or unwilled waking movements arise from this source—the will’ of the unconscious—at­tempting to release trauma or initiate a necessary programme of psychological growth. That such dream’ activities as spon­taneous movement or verbalisation should occur during wak­ing would appear to suggest that a dream must occur with them. Research shows this is unlikely. It does however show that a dream may be imagery produced to express this mental, muscular, emotional ‘self regulation’.

The imagery may not be necessary if the process is consciously experienced.

Because the self-regulatory process produces spontaneous movements, emotions and verbalisation, it is likely there is a connection between it and many ancient religious practices such as pentecostalism, shaktipat in India, subud in Indonesia and seitai in Japan. These are forms of psychotherapy prac­tised by other cultures. They create an environment in which practitioners can allow spontaneous movement and fantasy while awake. Because consciousness is then involved, and can co-operate with the self-regulating or healing activities of the unconscious, such practice can lead to better health and utilisation of unconscious functions.

The older religious forms of this practice relied on belief systems of spirits or gods. Once the connection between these practices and the dream is realised, much in them which was obscure becomes under­standable. In my book Mind and Movement I explain the con­nection between the dream process, self regulatory healing, extended perception and waking consciousness. See abreac­tion; sleep walking; dream as therapist and healer.

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A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Oswald (as related in his book Sleep) observed active rocking in some children and adults during sleep. These rocking movements were very powerful, occur­ring at a rate of one per second during REM sleep. They occur more frequently in the blind or to people institutionalised during childhood. As rocking is a movement used by primates and humans to comfon themselves during stress or unhappi- ness, it is possible that the rocking accompanies disturbing dreams.

The dream probably evokes unhappy feelings or con­ditions from the past, as the person used rocking to cope with their past distress, it occurs as an habitual accompaniment of the distressing dream.

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A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Very common with some people, especially during adolescence or times of stress. Sometimes accompa­nied by hallucinations. Sleep walking is normal as an occa­sional event in children.

If the child is agitated, excited or acting in a manner to injure themselves during the sleep walk­ing, then it may be a sign of emotional distress.

The same applies to adults. Many sleep walkers perform complex acts without coming to harm.

A young Ponsmouth boy drove his father’s car 27 miles before waking in South­ampton.

The police checked his story and did not charge him. But sometimes severe injury is inflicted either upon them­selves or others. During a dream phone-in on London Broad­casting Company, a man told me his experience of smashing through a glass window, cutting an artery and nearly bleeding to death. In America and England homicidal acts have been committed while the person claimed to be sleepwalking, and the people involved were acquitted of murder.

Because of such powerful activity during sleep, many peo­ple who experience this type of sleep walking are worried about what they might do to a partner sleeping next to them.

In most cases one wakes as the contact is made, or the in­volved person wakes one, but the element of risk cannot be denied. Where such worry exists, hope can be gained by un­derstanding what was observed with many men who began to sleep walk after war combat. In their cases the movements, speech and emotions were observably connected with trauma occurring during their war experience.

The self regulatory process in dreams was thereby attempting to release the ten­sion, horror or emotional pain of the events. Where these emotions could be met consciously, perhaps with the help of a psychotherapist, the sleep movements stopped. This sug­gests that dramatic activity while sleep walking has similar roots, and can be dealt with.

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New American Dream Dictionary

1. Peace of mind.

2. Not fully aware of something.

3. The awareness of trying to find the answer to something by dreaming.

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Christian Dream Symbols

Sleeping during a dream may be symbolic of peace or rest from troubles in your life, Prov.19:23. Sleeping while others are working is symbolic of shame, poverty, and unwise behavior, Prov. 10:5

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A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Not being aware, avoidance of feeling or looking at something, surrender of waking self. Idioms: lose sleep over, sleep around; put it to sleep; sleep in; sleeping panner; sleep like a log, let sleeping dogs lie; sleep off; sleep on some­thing; sleep together, sleep with; sleep rough.

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Ariadne's Book of Dream

Being asleep in a dream may comment that you are unconscious of the facts in a situation. It may mention that you are out of touch.

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My Dream Interpretation

If you dream that you are sleeping, you are experiencing a peaceful period in your life.

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New American Dream Dictionary

1. One is protected.

2. The desire to go back to the womb.

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Christian Dream Symbols

Symbolic of travel or not having a permanent home, Jer. 10:17

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My Dream Interpretation

To see a sleeping bag in your dream, represents warmth and protection. You are expressing a desire to slowly explore the realm of your unconscious.

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Ariadne's Book of Dream

The story of Aurora, the princess who was put under the spell or curse of a long sleep, may appear to present a lesson to a woman who is cursed by evil jealousy and kept from recognizing her own beauty. She may point to a woman who lives in a dreamworld and needs to wake up out of the spell of self-loathing.

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My Dream Interpretation

To dream of a sleeping pill demonstrates a wish to escape reality. It may indicate problems in your waking life that require therapy or counseling.

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Dreamers Dictionary

Vision: Looking at people sleeping means great happiness ahead. Looking at one person sleeping: your love relationship will deepen. Sleeping outdoors: a trip in the near future is possible. Sleeping in a wagon or boat: restless days are ahead; be on guard and don’t let people talk you into anything. Looking at a bedroom: your greatest wish is not to be alone anymore— to find someone.

Depth Psychology: Sleep is the symbol of your unconscious fear of or flight from reality. Do you have unknown talents you need to “wake up” ? A bedroom is a sign of your sexual needs. Bedroom dreams usually appear when something is wrong in an intimate relationship. See House, Room.

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Islamic Dream Interpretation

(Insomnia) In a dream, sleeplessness means loss of a beloved, the death of a child, separation between lovers, or leaving one’s family and travelling to a foreign country.

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My Dream Interpretation

To dream that you are at a sleepover party, suggests that you need to socialize more and create deeper friendships with people.

If the sleepover party was fun, social plans that you make now will bring you much happiness.

If the party was bad, this indicates that you are unsure of your social skills.

If you see other people sleeping in your dream, you may not be alert or informed about a particular situation in your waking life.

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My Dream Interpretation

To dream that you are sleepwalking , signifies discontent and your ongoing struggle for contentment. This dream may also indicate that you are just “going through the motions” in your everyday life.

If so, try to seek the people and activities that can give your life more purpose and a deeper meaning.

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Dream Meanings of Versatile

Being at a standstill or blocked in some way indicates we are being prevented, or are preventing ourselves, from moving forward. This needs handling with care, since to stop may be appropriate. Frequently finding ourselves stopping and starting suggests there is conflict between laziness and drive or ambition.

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A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Most people who have kept a dog have witnessed it bark while it is obviously dreaming. Calling out during a disturbing or active dream is common to humans also. Some people sleep talk very frequently, however, so much so they worry in case they disturb the sleep of others, or say things they regret. In some cases they will even respond to questions. One such person told me that she went to her mother s room and asked her about whether or not to get married.

The dreamer was single, so the subject of the talk may have been bothering her. Perhaps the most prolific and creative of sleep talkers was Edgar Cayce.

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Islamic Dream Interpretation

If one sees himself turning in his sleep and putting his face down, or resting on his stomach in a dream, it means that he will turn away from his faith and lose both his earnings in this world and in the hereafter.

If one sees the reverse, which is turning from resting on one’s stomach to lying on his back in a dream, it means that he will repent for his sins. It also represents his willingness to face the people and to correct his wrongdoing.

If the subject is a woman, then sleeping on her stomach in a dream means that she is refusing to sleep with her husband. (Also see Running away; Take a flight; Sleep)

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The Fabric of Dream

To see them denotes idleness; to eat, sickness (Gypsy).

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